Growing Succulent Aeonium: How To Care For Aeonium

If you like succulent plants, then you’ll love the aeonium.

Aeoniums are a type of succulent that comes in various colors and shapes.

Growing AeoniumPin

They are native to a few places based on their variety, such as the Canary Islands, Morocco, and Madeira.

Aeonium is an excellent plant for indoor or outdoor gardens, as they are easy to care for and can tolerate neglect.

Aeoniums require little water and can go long periods without water.

While it may sound odd, these plants can die from too much care since they do need a “summer break.”

They prefer bright light but can tolerate some shade, so it’s best to keep them outside year-round in warm climates. Otherwise, keep them as houseplants indoors.

The 35 species of Aeoniums come in many different colors and forms. The most common colors are green, red, and yellow.

The leaves of the aeonium can be smooth or prickly. The plant can be stemless or have a stem up to 3’ feet long.

Quick Facts On Aeonium Plant Care

  • Family: Crassulaceae
  • Light: Full bright sunlight
  • Temperature: Above 45° degrees Fahrenheit
  • Water: Keep dry in summer, then water sparingly in winter along with feed
  • Fertilize: None in summer, Every 6- 8 weeks rest of the year
  • Propagation: Cuttings from side rosettes, seeding
  • Common Problems: Aphids, thrips, and spider mites

Aeonium Plant Care

How Big Do Aeonium Plants Plants Grow?

Depending on the species, your aeonium plant can reach a height and spread of 0.5′ to 3′ feet.

In general, don’t expect your plant to grow more than a few inches annually.

The species that grows the largest is Aeonium arboretum, which can grow up to 6′ feet tall. 

The smaller ones include Aeonium tabuliforme, which only reaches about 1′ foot tall.

Aeoniums are slow-growing plants that will eventually form rosettes.

If you want your Aeonium to grow faster, you can fertilize it once every 6 to 8 weeks.

When Does Aeonium Flower? Are The Flowers Fragrant?

You can take pleasure in aeonium plant flowers in spring or early summer. The flowers are small and not particularly fragrant.

The white, yellow, or pink flowers come in clusters and are about 1″ inch across.

What Are The Lighting Needs And Temperature Requirements?

The aeonium prefers full sun for at least 6 hours a day but will tolerate some shade. 

However, your aeonium plant can thrive in lots of heat. If you grow your plant indoors, place it in a sunny spot near a window.

These plants don’t do well in temperatures below 45° degrees Fahrenheit.

Make sure you are mindful of your plant species. For example, if you have an Aeonium with dark leaves or dark purple, it will need bright sun to allow the full color to develop. 

Plants with lighter colors can survive in shady areas.

How And When To Water And Fertilize Aeonium?

When it is time to water and feed your Aeonium, give it a break during the summer. 

Summer is its rest period after producing its spring blooms.

Once fall starts, you can now resume watering your plant with a weak fertilizer mix every 6 to 8 weeks.

What Is The Best Soil For An Aeonium And When Should You Transplant?

Water your aeonium when the topsoil is dry to the touch.

These plants won’t survive soggy conditions. The best soil for aeonium is one that drains well.

Otherwise, simply use regular garden soil mixed with sand or Perlite.

Aeoniums don’t need to be transplanted often. They only require replanting when they have outgrown their pot, or the potting mix has broken down.

Does The Aeonium Need Special Grooming Or Maintenance?

These plants are very low maintenance.

All you have to do is remove any dead leaves or rosettes and apply a light layer of mulch around the base to help with water retention.

How To Propagate Aeonium?

The best way to propagate an aeonium is to take cuttings from side rosettes.

Then, place the cuttings in a well-draining potting mix and water sparingly. The cuttings should take root within a few weeks.

You can also propagate aeonium by seed, but using the cuttings is a faster method.

Here’s how to do it:

  • Use the seedpods from the plant and sow them in spring.
  • Begin to sow them in trays outdoors after the last frost.

Your plant seedlings will germinate in 8 to 14 days.

Aeonium Plant Pests And Disease Problems

The most common pests that attack aeonium plants are the following:

  • Aphids
  • Thrips
  • Spider mites

These pests suck the sap from the plant, causing the leaves to turn yellow and eventually die.

If you see any of these pests on your plant, remove them with a cotton swab dipped in rubbing alcohol.

You can also use insecticide on the soil around the plant to prevent pests from attacking.

Aeoniums are susceptible to fungal diseases such as:

  • Powdery mildew
  • Root rot

Powdery mildew appears as a white powdery substance on the leaves and can cause the leaves to turn yellow and eventually die.

Root rot is caused by too much moisture and can kill the plant.

If you see any signs of these diseases, remove the affected leaves and water your plant only when the topsoil is dry.

Is The Aeonium Plant Considered Toxic Or Poisonous To People, Kids, And Pets?

The aeonium plant is not considered toxic or poisonous to people, kids, or pets. 

However, it is always best to keep plants out of reach of children and pets, just to be safe.

Is The Aeonium Plant Considered Invasive?

The aeonium plant is not considered invasive.

Best Uses For The Aeonium Plant

The aeonium plant is perfect for rock gardens, succulent gardens, or as a houseplant. 

They are also beautiful accent plants in mixed flower beds.

In addition, these plants are known for their beautiful rosettes of leaves that come in various colors, including green, yellow, pink, red, and purple.

So, if you want to beautify your garden with low-maintenance plants, consider adding an aeonium plant or two.