Here Is The June Garden Work To Do Now

The long warm days of June provide us with enough added hours to enjoy the garden and give it the attention it needs. Plants are growing actively now, so keep them watered and give them feeding with a balanced fertilizer, including an application of superphosphate or bonemeal.

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Lilacs Need Attention

Remove faded flower heads from lilacs, tiny plants which need the strength for growth and bud production. Also, prune by removing undesirable wood and cutting a few of the oldest branches to the ground to induce new solid growth from the base.

Spray verbatim for mildew and apply a DDT spray to the trunk and lower components for borer control. Several applications at intervals will be needed.

If Mildew Is a Problem

Mildew on phlox is also a problem and may be controlled with a fungicide like sulfur, Bordeaux, or ferbam. Good air circulation and thinning of plants by dividing in the spring help keep plants free of this disease.

The same is true of chrysanthemums, which also get leaf spot diseases controlled by these fungicides. Pinch chrysanthemums periodically to induce branching until the middle of July. If phlox are pinched once or twice, they will not grow as tall and produce more, though smaller, flower panicles.

Where Perennials Are Concerned

Look over perennials and cut off faded iris blooms so they will not go to seed. Remove some of the buds from hollyhocks so the remaining flowers will last longer and be more extensive. Spray plants until flowering starts with ferbam to control rust diseases.

Stake delphiniums and Oriental poppies so that the mechanics of the propping is inconspicuous. This staking should be started early when plants are a foot or so high.

Cutworms and Other Pests

Cutworms that feed at night may be killed with poison bait applied around plants, preferably in the evening, to be more attractive to the cutworms. With hot, dry weather, red spiders increase on evergreens and other plants, so spray with aramite.

Go over euonymus with an oil emulsion for scale, following the directions on the package carefully. Use the so-called summer application.

Sow All Kinds of Annuals

There is still time to sow the seed of fast-growing annuals, like portulaca, sweet alyssum, nemesia, nasturtium, browallia, annual phlox, candytuft, and California poppies. For immediate bloom, buy plants of all kinds of annuals and give them a sunny location and a good but not too rich soil. Feed with low nitrogen fertilizer since too much nitrogen promotes foliage growth.

Start a New Garden Now

If you have just moved into a new home or were unable to do any gardening until now, annuals will provide a garden of bloom from now until frost. Group several plants of one variety for a more significant effect and use few colors rather than too many.

For example, the pink Prima Donna petunia or the salmon-pink Ballerina are striking with white Snowstorm or Popcorn petunias. Window boxes, pots, tubs, and narrow strips along the driveway or house may be made gay with annuals.

A Late Crop of Vegetables

In the vegetable garden, sow seeds of corn, beans, turnips, carrots, kohlrabi, and beets for late crops. Kale and endive will provide greens in the fall. Stop cutting the asparagus bed until after the end of the month and feed with old rotted manure or a balanced fertilizer.

It is also wise to mulch with marsh hay or straw to hold in moisture and help control weeds. You may use sawdust, but apply nitrogen fertilizer, such as nitrate of soda. to replace the nitrogen used by the bacteria.

Sow Perennial Seeds

June is the month to sow the seed of perennials and biennials for next year’s bloom. This point cannot be emphasized enough in that August-sown sources do not have sufficient time to develop into flowering-sized plants.

Delphiniums, lupins, primroses, and violas are some of the short-lived perennials which come quickly from seed and flower the following season.

Control Corn Earworm

To control the corn earworm, which lays eggs on the corn silk just after it appears, dust the silks with a Sevin, following with two to four applications at two to three-day intervals. The object is to keep the silks covered during the egg-laying and hatching period.


And remember not to cut the foliage of spring-blooming bulbs until it has ripened completely. It is needed for next year’s bloom.

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