Growing Monstera Adansonii (Fredrichstalii): How to Care for the Swiss Cheese Plant

Monstera Adansonii (adan-so-knee-eye) is a tropical plant of the Monstera genus and the (arum) Araceae family.

This polished vine can be found in most of the tropical regions of the Americas. It is also known as Monstera Fredrichstalii (Mon-ster-uh, Free-dreech-sta-li).

Growing Monstera FredrichstaliiPin

The Monstera genus is a family of flowering plants. The name derives from the Latin word immanis, meaning “monstrous” or “abnormal” due to the natural holes present in the leaves. 

It can be grown as a hanging plant, a climbing plant, or placed on a pedestal and allowed to trail.

The shape of the leaves changes as the plant grows and matures and, depending on the growing conditions, can vary in size, depth of color, and the number of holes. 

Considered a creeping shrub, Monstera Fredrichstalii will grow larger given adequate humidity and a surface to climb on.

There are other Monstera species, but the most popular are:

  • Monstera Deliciosa – This is the most common variety of Monstera. This plant produces Mexican breadfruit.
  • Monstera Borsigniana – A variation of Deliciosa, this plant is often confused with it when it is young. The difference is that the holes form in a neat, organized pattern as it matures.
  • Monstera Variegata – These plants have a white or cream-colored pattern and are difficult to find. If you come across one, it will be more expensive than other varieties.
  • Monstera Adansonii – This plant tends to be smaller than others, but the holes are larger, taking up half of the area of the leaves.
  • Monstera Pinnatipartita – These are larger members of the Monstera family, and the leaves form slits instead of holes. The gashes extend to the edges of the leaves.
  • Monstera Dubia – This shrub contains smaller heart-shaped leaves that are both light and dark in color.
  • Monstera Siltepecana – The teardrop-shaped leaves of this plant have smaller holes that are nearer to the vein. The leaves are lighter in color.
  • Monstera Obliqua – It is rare to find this variety in your local nursery. The leaves are ultra-thin and made up of mostly large holes.

Monstera Fredrichstalii plant is rarely referred to by its official name.

Some common names it is referenced by are:

  • Swiss Cheese Plant
  • Swiss Cheese Vine
  • Monstera Adansonii
  • M. Adansonii

Quick Facts On Monstera Fredrichstalii

  • Family: Araceae
  • Light: Bright indirect light.
  • Temperature: 70° to 85° degrees Fahrenheit. No lower than 60° degrees Fahrenheit.
  • Water: Keep the soil damp with alkaline water
  • Fertilizer: Well-balanced and organic (3-1-2)
  • Propagation: Clip stems under node or snip the lowest leaf
  • Common Problems: Root rot, spider mites, overfertilization, overwatering

Monstera Fredrichstalii Care

How Big Does the Monstera Fredrichstalii Grow?

Monstera Fredrichstalii is an evergreen flowering plant that can grow up to 66′ feet tall in trees.

It has aerial roots that latch onto branches as it climbs. The roots dig deep into the soil, providing stability and support for the plant.

They can reach 6′ to 8′ feet long when grown as hanging vines.

When Does The Monstera Fredrichstalii Flower And How Fragrant Is it?

This plant grows slowly, only flowering every 6 to 8 years in a natural habitat. Therefore, it is improbable that the flower will bloom when cultivated.

The flower starts out green and turns a yellowish-white color when mature. They look like Calla Lilly.

The flowers turn into edible fruit with a pineapple-banana fragrance and taste.

What Are The Lighting Needs And Temperature Requirements?

The Swiss Cheese Plant prefers partial shade and should never be exposed to direct sunlight for lengthy periods. However, it will respond well to bright, indirect light.

The leaves will be on the smaller side if grown in a low-light environment.

It should be in warmer temperatures between 70° to 85° degrees Fahrenheit and should never be exposed to temperatures lower than 60° degrees Fahrenheit.

How And When To Water And Fertilize Monstera Adansonii?

This plant should be watered regularly with non-alkaline water, and the soil kept damp. 

Do not allow the plant to become dehydrated but avoid flooding it.

Feed and fertilize the vine once every 2 to 3 weeks year-round, except in the winter.

What Is The Best Soil For Monstera Adansonii And When Should You Transplant?

Rainwater and natural soil provide the nutrients needed for survival. Potting soil, however, does not have those same properties.

You will need to use a fertilizer with three parts nitrogen, one part phosphorus, and two parts potassium.

Use well-balanced organic compost instead of soil as it is high in nutrients and nourishes your plants.

The Monstera Fredrichstalii needs to be repotted every year when young to facilitate growth.

Then, once it has reached the largest pot, just add rich topsoil annually.

Does Monstera Adansonii Need Special Grooming Or Maintenance?

No special grooming or maintenance is required of the Monstera Fredrichstalii as it is a resilient plant.

Clipping any shriveled or severely discolored leaves will help with maintaining optimal health.

How To Propagate Swiss Cheese Plant?

Pruning your plants will result in cuts that can be used to grow more plants. Follow these steps for propagation:

  • Make sure you cut no shorter than six inches but no longer than eight.
  • Clip the stem just under a node.
  • Snip the lowest leaf.
  • 6 to 8 stems should be bunched together in a small pot filled with soil.
  • Put the pot in an area where heat can radiate from the bottom, such as the top of the refrigerator.

Swiss Cheese Plant Pests And Diseases

The most common issue with this tropical plant is root rot. This is caused by overwatered soil that drains poorly.

Some indicators are the following:

  • Yellowing of the leaves
  • Black spots on the roots
  • Stunted growth

Proper watering and drainage can prevent this.

Another threat to the Swiss Cheese Plant is spider mites. If there are yellow spots on the leaves of your plant, you may have an infestation.

Again, keeping it out of direct sunlight in a well-ventilated area is the key to prevention.

You may be overfertilizing the plant if you notice wilting leaves or black spots near the roots.

Diluting the fertilizer before application should clear this up.

Is Swiss Cheese Plant Considered Toxic Or Poisonous To People or Pets?

This plant is non-toxic to humans but can cause some irritation when coming into contact with the skin. However, it can be toxic to pets, especially dogs.

It should not be ingested and should be kept away from food preparation areas.

Uses Of Swiss Cheese Plant

There are several beneficial uses for the Swiss Cheese Plant.

Some of them are:

  • Purifying the air
  • Dehumidifying
  • Vitamin-rich when fully ripened
  • Treats arthritis
  • Heals snake bites