Peperomia polybotrya [pep-er-ROH-mee-uh pol-ly-BOT-ree-uh] is a herbaceous, compact evergreen in the peperomia genus.
The peperomia genus has over 1,000 species, with the peperomia polybotrya just one of them.
Peperomia means “resembling pepper,” and polybotrya means “many,” which is fitting since the family is Piperaceae, the pepper family.
Native to the tropical regions of South America, the plant thrives in the cool and moist rainforest.
Although you can plant it indoors or out, it might be easier to grow it indoors with the ability to control light and water.
It is unique because of the shiny and thick emerald leaves’ teardrop shape (although some say heart shape).
The plants are petite and usually don’t grow taller than 12″ inches.
The plant makes for a fantastic easy-to-grow houseplant as they are low-maintenance and slow-growing.
The common names are:
- Raindrop plant
- Coin plant
- Coin-leaf peperomia
Quick Facts On Peperomia Polybotrya
- Family: Piperaceae
- Light: Bright indirect light; Avoid direct sun. Can also thrive with fluorescent light
- Temperature: 65° to 80° degrees Fahrenheit
- Water: Allow the soil to dry before watering.
- Fertilizer: Diluted liquid fertilizer or Slow-release (during the growing season)
- Propagation: Leaf cuttings
- Common Problems: Mealybugs or spider mites
Peperomia Polybotrya Care
What Does The Peperomia Polybotrya Plant Look Like, and How Big Does It Grow?
The peperomia polybotrya plant has dark green leaves that are thick and succulent. The shape of the leaves is either referred to as a teardrop or heart-shaped.
It is often mistaken for the pilea peperomioides plant, but they are not related.
The peperomia polybotrya plant is compact and usually doesn’t grow taller than a foot, making it an easy houseplant.
When Does The Polybotrya Flower? Are The Flowers Fragrant?
The con-leaf peperomia plant flowers don’t last long, but they are interesting for their short flowering time. They resemble small tails and grow from the tops of the stems.
Although the plant is in the pepper family, there is no pepper fragrance. Instead, the flowers produce a sweet fragrance.
Cutting the dead flowers off the plant is best to encourage continued growth.
What Are The Lighting Needs And Temperature Requirements?
The peperomia polybotrya plant is a compact plant perfect for a windowsill because it needs bright, indirect sunlight.
If kept indoors, the best window is west or east-facing so that the plant gets enough sun. Just ensure the plant is kept from cold drafts in the winter.
The plant does best at temperatures between 60° to 80° degrees Fahrenheit, which is why it makes such a fantastic houseplant.
If you have mild temperatures, you can keep the plant outside. However, if your area has winters cooler than 50° degrees Fahrenheit, it’s best to take it indoors until the spring.
Also, if you keep your plants outside, it’s best to avoid direct afternoon sun, as it can harm the leaves.
In addition to temperature, the plants thrive in moderate to high humidity.
If your house is not humid enough for the plant, you can place the pot on a plate filled with pebbles and a bit of water.
The plant will receive some moisture if the pot isn’t touching the water, just the rocks. In addition, you can spray the leaves with a fine water mist.
How And When To Water And Fertilize Coin Plant Peperomia?
The peperomia polybotrya plant likes regular watering during the active growing season but you have to ensure that the soil doesn’t get soggy.
Like most plants, waterlogged soil can lead to root rot.
Letting the top layer of soil dry in between waterings is a good rule to avoid overwatering.
When the growing season ends, you can slow down your watering as your plant won’t need as much water to thrive.
If you’re using a diluted liquid fertilizer for your plant, it’s best to fertilize every other week.
However, if you plan to use a slow-release fertilizer, you must fertilize once at the beginning of the growing season.
What Is The Best Soil For Raindrop Peperomia And When Should You Transplant?
Like many plants, the peperomia polybotrya plant loves well-draining soil. Many houseplant soil mixes are perfect for this plant, mainly if it contains peat moss.
The well-draining soil allows the plant to get sufficient moisture without being overwatered.
The plant does well when pot-bound, so purchase a pot that perfectly fits the rootball. It’s a good idea to repot it every couple of years to replace the soil.
If the plant still works in the existing container, there is no need to purchase a larger pot.
Does Polybotrya Need Special Grooming Or Maintenance?
Although you don’t need to prune the plant, you can trim back the plant to keep it compact and healthy.
If you choose that, it’s a good idea to use scissors or a sterilized knife. Regardless, don’t stress the plant by pruning too much.
How To Propagate Raindrop Plant?
Your raindrop plant is relatively easy to propagate with leaf cuttings.
Here’s how to do it:
- Find a strong and healthy leaf.
- Cut the leaf off the stem, but leave the petiole (leafstalk) attached.
- Dip the leaf cutting in rooting hormone.
- Put the petiole (leafstalk) into a small pot with well-draining soil.
- Cover with a plastic bag to increase humidity.
- After about a month, your leaf cutting will develop roots and sprouts.
- You can then remove the plastic bag.
Watch your raindrop plants grow!
Coin Plant Pests And Diseases
Although pest infestations aren’t too common, the two pests that can invade your plant are:
- Spider mites
You’ll know if they’re on your plant because the leaves will have yellow-colored small spots where the pesky pests sucked the sap out.
Thankfully, it’s an easy fix. Purchase a neem oil from your local plant nursery and use that to kill the pests.
The yellow-covered leaves should eventually change back to their glorious green shade.
Suggested Coin-Leaf Pepermonia Uses
One of these spirit-lifting beauties would look fantastic in a bedroom, bathroom, office, or doorway. They’ll also appeal to children due to their thick, touchable leaves.
They would also be perfect outdoors in the perfect temperate climate in indirect sunlight without the afternoon sun.