How To Push The Final Bloom From Roses In The Southwest

September is the last month for heavy rose feeding. Feeding now will stimulate new growth for bloom next month. The exhibitor who expects to enter October rose shows will need to get ready now. If liquid fertilizer is used, soak the soil before and allow one pint of solution per plant. 

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Do not use a high nitrogen fertilizer as there is a danger of burning the foliage. An all-purpose fertilizer, either 5-10-5 or 6-12-6, is safe to use in the amount of one-half teacup per plant. This should be sprinkled into a shallow trench eight inches from the plant and then watered in. 

Remove dead or diseased wood but do not do any heavy pruning now. Keep on spraying or dusting for black spots, mildew, and insects. Select buds for show blooms early and begin grooming for your entries. About five weeks are required from the time the bud forms until the bloom is ready. One of the most lavish falls shows in our area is the one sponsored by the Dallas Rose Society during the State Fair of Texas.


Now is the time to plant for next spring’s bloom. Select locations that receive from five to six hours of sun daily. The soil should be only slightly acidic and preferably not too sandy or loose. 

These plants are heavy feeders. Using four cups of superphosphate or bone meal worked well into the soil and planted the tuberous roots with the “eyes’ ‘ or buds about two inches below the ground level.

Make certain the soil is packed and water-settled to eliminate air pockets. Mound the soil up four to six inches and leave it for the winter. Mark the locations and keep a record of varieties.


This is a good lawn month here. There will be six or seven weeks of frost-free weather, and plenty of time for growing a lawn from seed. Remember, the real secret to a good new lawn is proper soil preparation.

On old lawns, the final feeding for the season should be made early in September. For those who overplant ryegrass for winter color, fertilize the existing grass first, and sow the ryegrass at the rate of approximately five pounds per 1,000 square feet of area.

The ryegrass is annual and will die out with the return of hot weather. Bermuda remains the most used lawn grass here.

Order the true lilies now for planting by November. There is still time to get a return from turnips, carrots, beets, cabbage, and other “greens” planted early this month. Prepare soil for the planting of spring-flowering bulbs next month. Root prune wisterias to stimulate blooming next spring.

44659 by Robert H. Rucker