If you know another language, such as Spanish, you might be familiar with the word “ananas.”
This is the common name for a tropical fruit native to South America, which is also sometimes called the “pineapple.”
The scientific name for this fruit is Ananas comosus, a member of the Bromeliaceae family.
There are 1600 members of this family in total, and they are found worldwide in tropical and subtropical climates.
Ananas comosus is a herbaceous, perennial plant that can grow up to 3′ feet tall. The leaves of the plant are long and stiff and arranged in a spiral pattern around the stem.
Don’t expect to see pineapples once you quickly buy or grow a plant. It can take up to 4 years for the plant to bear fruit.
Quick Facts On Ananas Comosus Plant Care
- Family: Bromeliad
- Light: Full sun year round
- Temperature: above 59° degrees Fahrenheit
- Water: Plenty of hydration
- Fertilize: Feed monthly in spring, summer, and fall – none in winter
- Propagation: Offsets
- Common Problems: Pale leaves, yellow patches, curling edges, crown rot
Ananas Comosus Plant Care
How Big Do Pineapples Grow?
Ananas comosus plants, also known as pineapple plants or simply pineapples, are one of the world’s most popular and easily recognizable fruits.
When you have one of these fruit-bearing plants, expect it to grow up to 3′ feet tall.
The plant will have a central stem with stiff, long leaves that grow in a spiral pattern around it. These leaves may spread out up to 2′ feet wide.
The plant can take up to four years to mature and bear fruit. Once it does, the pineapple fruit will be about 5″ to 8″ inches long and 3″ to 4″ inches wide.
When it comes to growing pineapple fruit, Australia has several fields that are specifically devoted to this crop.
However, the island-state of Hawaii is the top pineapple producer. The ideal climate for pineapple growth is hot and humid with plenty of rainfall.
When Does Ananas Comosus Flower? Are The Flowers Fragrant?
The Ananas will begin to fade after the plant starts to flower.
However, before the plant reaches the end of its life cycle, it leaves and produces several offshoots for propagation.
The Ananas comosus flowers are not fragrant, but the fruit is pleasant, smelling, and sweet tasting.
You will know your fruit is ready for harvest when it smells sweet, and its skin is yellow with a bit of brown.
What Are The Lighting Needs and Temperature Requirements?
Pineapple plants are tropical fruits, which means they need full sun year-round to produce the best fruit.
They also prefer warm weather and will not tolerate temperatures below 59° degrees Fahrenheit in winter.
How And When To Water And Fertilize Pineapple?
Give your pineapple plants lots of hydration in summer, and pay attention to the soil’s moisture. Its soil must never become dry.
This plant can go without any fertilizer in winter. Monthly feeding is fine in the other seasons but be mindful to not do so at the funnel of the rosette.
What Is The Best Soil For An Ananas Comosus and When Should You Transplant?
When caring for your Ananas, keep the soil rich and drained. The plant’s life cycle concludes after blooming, so one does not have to consider repotting.
Does The Pineapple Need Special Grooming Or Maintenance?
Check the Anana’s base for any dead leaves and remove them. If the plant is getting too big, you can cut it back.
Pay attention to their sharp leaves as they can cause injury. Pruning is not necessary for the Ananas comosus.
How To Propagate An Ananas Comosus?
The Ananas produces offshoots at its base. Feel free to remove these offshoots once they reach 4″ inches.
Be sure each new offset is in its own pot that has drainage holes. Use fresh soil and keep the pot in an area with full sun and high humidity.
You can also mist the plants to produce humidity.
Anana Pineapple Pests And Diseases
The Ananas is a hearty plant but is not immune to pests and disease.
Here are some problems you may encounter while caring for your plant:
- If you notice pale leaves, your plant is suffering from a lack of nutrients.
- Yellow patches mean too much sun. Fix this by giving the plant some shade.
- If you see curling leaves, your plant is not getting enough water.
- Rotting at the crown is a sign of too much water. Allow the topsoil to dry out before watering again.
Pests such as aphids, mealybugs, and scale can infest your pineapple plant.
These pests can be controlled with insecticidal soap or neem oil. Aphids can also be controlled with ladybugs.
The following diseases can infect your Ananas comosus:
- Root rot
- Leaf spot
- Mosaic virus
Mosaic virus is incurable, but fungicide can control other diseases.
Is Pineapple Plant Considered Toxic or Poisonous To People, Kids, And Pets?
No, the Ananas comosus is not considered poisonous or toxic to people, kids, or pets.
However, the leaves of the plant are sharp and can cause injury if handled roughly.
Once the sweet fruit has matured, be careful handling it as the spikes on the skin can be sharp.
Is The Pineapple Plant Considered Invasive?
No, the Ananas comosus is not considered invasive.
Best Uses For The Ananas Comosus Plant
The Ananas comosus is commonly grown as a houseplant or in the garden. The plant does best in full sun and warm weather.
The fruit of the Ananas comosus is edible and can be eaten fresh or used in recipes.
The fruit is commonly made into the following:
- Other sweet treats
Pineapple fruit is quite healthy since they contain:
- Vitamin C
- Dietary fiber
If you are patient and have the space, you may want to cultivate pineapple fruit on your property.
The Ananas comosus is also used as a decorative plant. The plant’s leaves are long and spiky, and the fruit is large and colorful.
The plant can be used to add a tropical touch to any home or garden.
You can also use this tropical plant in landscaping. For example, the plant can be used as a ground cover or border plant.
The foliage of the plant is also used in floral arrangements.